RewriteCond %{HTTPS_HOST}^mathsguruji\.info[NC] RewriteRule(.*)https://www.mathsguruji.info/$1 [L,R=301] Mesolithic age of Indian History

Mesolithic age of Indian History


Mesolithic age

Mesolithic age

The end of the  upper palaeolithic period is approximately 9000 B.C. Around the same time with the ice age. Hence the climate became hot and dry during this period. Changes in the conditions of trees, plants and living organisms have also changed. By one sight the Mesolithic period underlines the transition between palaeolithic period and neolithic period. In this period man was predominantly hunter-gatherer and food collector, but there was a change in the technology of hunting. Now he started hunting not only big animals but also small animals. Now he started catching fish and hunting for birds. Early evidence of animal husbandry also comes in this period. Bagor in Rajasthan and Aadamgad in Madhya Pradesh presents the earliest evidence of animal husbandry. Its time is approximately 5000 B.C. It is possible. An important change of the era is the effort of developing missile technology. This was certainly a great technical revolution. In this period, the first arrow was developed. The instruments of the Middle Stone Age are small. These micro devices are small (quite small) in size. Their size is between 1 to 8 cm . These are known as microliths. Important instruments of this era were: blades, pointed edges, triangles, nav-caps etc. In addition to this, some tools of the Palaeolithic period like Takxni and Khurchini, even the Gandasa are also in vogue.


Important places 


Mid-stone site- Rajasthan, South UP In Central and Eastern India and in southern India, is found from Krishna river to south. During 1970-77, the sites associated with mediaphroditic culture in the Gangetic plains have come to light. Some other prominent places are Birbhanpur in Bengal, Lagnaz in Gujarat, terri group in Tamil Nadu, MP In Adamgarh and Bagore in Rajasthan, Sarai Naharraya and Mahadah are two important sites in the Ganga Droni. These (Sarai Naharraya and Mahadah) are the oldest Middle-Orthodontic sites in India. These are the first places from where evidence of columnar gains means that people had built huts in this period and they would have resided in them. Palaeolithic people lived in shelters. Earliest evidence of human aggression or war has been received from Sarai Naharraya.

                       Although the animal husbandry was not started by keeping in view the economic utility of animals during the Mid-Stone period, this tendency can be seen in the Neolithic period. However, the oldest evidence of animal husbandry is obtained from the districts of Adamgarh in Madhya Pradesh and Bagor in Rajasthan, which is the site of medieval sites. This suggests that the introduction of animal husbandry was done by the end of the Mid-Stone Period. The first evidence of dog has been received from Adamgarh, which is 6000 BC.  



                                  Similarly, there is no proof of house and settlement in the Mid-stone period. An exception was made to construct houses at places like Adamagarh and Bagor. The oldest evidence of building a house in Bagor has been received. Here at 5500 BC Efforts have been made to erect the soil wall with almost floor.

                             The use of fire separates the Mesolithic age from the Palaeolithic period. Evidence of trough stove from Langhnaaj in Gujarat and Sarai Naharraya and Mahadah in Uttar Pradesh has been obtained in which the bones of animals have been found in burnt condition. It is clear that 9000-4800 BC During this, the art of cooking food in the fire started from here. From the Sarai Naharraya, eight trough stove  have been received in the same order, which indicates the collective life pattern.
The method of burial gives a special identity to the Mid-stone period  because its evidence is not found in the Palaeolithic period. This type of proof has been received from Langhnaj, Sarai Naharrai, Lakharia and Mahadah.

Major Mesolithic Area - 


It is important here that in the states of Kerala and the North Eastern, neither the following paleological sites have been received nor the medieval sites.

Sambhar Lake Deposit-

The Sambhar lake deposits located in Rajasthan, between 7000 B.C. Approximately, evidence of the oldest plantation in the world has been received.

Langnam-

Located in Mehsana district of -Gujarat, the city was discovered in 1941 by H. D. Sankalia. This is the microlith industrial site where more than 13,000 devices have been discovered. From here, 15 human skeletons have also been received, with the average age (164-174 cm) indicating their Mediterranean species. Evidence of single burial has been received from here (in the East-West direction).

Sarai Naharraya- 

This eleven human skeleton has been received from this place located in Uttar Pradesh, which seems to have lived here that the people of the Caucasus species and Proto-Nordic Race lived. From here, eight stoves have been received in the order, which is said to be a community stove. Radio Carbon Date of Sarai Naharraya, 8395 BC, has been found.

Mahadah -

 This place is located in Uttar Pradesh. The highest number of skeletal has been found in this Mid-Stone field. Like the Sarai Naharrai, Proto-Nordic people lived here. From here, there are evidence of three types of single, couples and mass-assembly.

Bhimbetka- 

Most of the evidence of cave paintings related to human activities has been found from Bhimbetka, located in Raisen district of old Madhya Pradesh . From here, both natural or imitative and cognitive types of paintings found. Here two skeletons found from the caves which was Paleolithic and Mid-stone periods, one of which is a symbol of their faith in the talisman, embroiled in a child's throat. Here are signs of community life.

Veerabhanpur-

 The site of West Bengal has received the highest number of equipment after lungnaj.

Terry Tela or Terry Group - 

This site is located in Tamil Nadu. Terry Tela means sand dunes. From here, eleven sand dunes of mid-stone period have been received. Flint and chart manufactured equipment have been obtained from here.
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